七夕节英文：Tanabata Festival; Double Seventh Festival; Double Seventh Day; Chinese Valentine's Day
The Double Seventh Festival refers to the seventh night of the seventh lunar month. It is a traditional folk festival of the Han people. This night is not only the time when the legendary Cowherd and the Girl Weaver are supposed to have their annual meeting, but also a good opportunity for women to pray for the Girl Weaver for the purpose of seeking dexterity. Therefore, this festival is also named " Maiden's Day", " Daughter's Day". The day is not as well-known as many other Chinese festivals. But almost everyone in China, young or old, is very familiar with the story behind it.
The old customs, in the days before the July 7th, first in a small wooden deposited a layer of soil, planting corn seeds, let it give birth to the green plants, put some small cottage, Kaki in the above, a small village farmhouse people look, known as the "shell", or mung bean, adzuki beans, wheat, immersed in the magnetic bowl, wait for it to grow enough inch bud, then to red, blue wire rope tied into a bundle, called "seed", also called "five bowl" or "flower pot".
The south is also known as the "bubble will grow opportunely", called the bean sprouts bud needle or replace opportunely opportunely, shoot, throw in Qiqiao surface. With wax model of image, such as cowboy, fairy tale characters, or the bald eagle, Yuanyang, such as animal shape, placed in the water, known as the "floating". And wax baby dolls, let women buy home soil, the thought is in the son, called "im".
2、Daddy-longlegs should skillfully
This is the earlier a Qiqiao mode, its customs later Qiqiao needle, roughly from the southern and Northern Dynasties when. The Liang Zonglin "age Jingchu" said; "is Xi, Chen fruits at the court in the Gregorian calendar. Pregnant subnet to melon is thought fit." The five generation of Wang Renyu "Kaiyuan Tianbao Chronicles" said: "in July 7th, the spider to catch small box, to Xiao; as the spider density thought Qiao hou. Close a Qiao, dilute a clever little. Folk also effect "of song Meng Yuan" Tokyo menghualu "old saying," July 7th July to small spider Ann zygote, the next day to see, if the net is the circle that skillfully."
这也是较早的一种乞巧方式，其俗稍晚于穿针乞巧，大致起于南北朝之时。南朝梁宗懔《荆楚岁时记》说; “是夕，陈瓜果于庭中以乞巧。有喜子网于瓜上则以为符应。” 五代王仁裕《开元天宝遗事》说：“七月七日，各捉蜘蛛于小盒中，至晓开;视蛛网稀密以为得巧之侯。密者言巧多，稀者言巧少。民间亦效之”宋朝孟元老《东京梦华录》说，七月七夕“以小蜘蛛安合子内，次日看之，若网圆正谓之得巧。”
Song Zhoumi "Qian Chun at the age of mind"; "the small spider storage density, with time netting as skillfully how" Akita Runa "prosperous" July 7th "to treat said, small box filled with spiders, as early as the" network density that permitted amount." Thus, the test method of the northern and Southern Dynasties different opportunely, as network has no apparent network density, Tang, song as the network circle is more, later Tang customs compliance.
3、 Needle test Qiao
This is a variant of July 7th Qiqiao needle customs, derived from the needle, and different from needle, is the Ming and Qing two generations of the prevalence of the July 7th festival. Ming Liu Dong, in the "Yizheng Teikyo features slightly" said: "July 7th lost Qiao needle. Women's aeration ang water day, Qing, water film pasta, embroidery needle into the float, needle at the bottom. There are clouds heads and shadows, with shoes and scissors Solanum Torvum shadow, that begging skillfully; the shadow was as thick as a hammer, as fine as silk, straight as a shaft wax, this clumsy syndrome."
"The Chronicles" also said, Liangxiang county (now Beijing southwest) "in July 7th, women Qiqiao needle, in water, by the shadow to inspection workstation, to the night still in weaver Qiqiao" ask Yu Minzhong "," lead "news test if office notes" said: "to the bowl of water storm subsolar Yandu woman in July 7th, their investment and small needle floating water, Xu as the bottom shadow. Or shadows, moving clouds, such as fine lines, rough rent such as cone, due to the Bu female clever."
4、 Worship Vega
"Worship Vega" pure girl, the young woman. They and their friends and neighbors who are about five or six people, to 10 people, jointly organized. The ceremony was held in the moonlight bottom, a table, the table top tea, wine, fruit (longan, red dates, Iko, hazelnut, peanut, melon seeds) offering; there are flowers and a few flowers, a bunch of red paper, insert the bottle, flower lead a small incense burner. Then, about good to worship the fairy, young girls, a full day of fasting, bath ready, just in time to host the house, in the case of burn incense to worship, everyone around the table, eat peanuts, melon seeds, side silently towards Vega, her mind. Girls like to marry a pretty or young people hope wishful Lang, have a lovely baby early, to midnight. Play until midnight beginning.
This is the earliest Qiqiao, began in the Han, a later. "Notes Xijing" said: "the Chinese female often in July 7th colour holes on cardigan building, people with learning." The Liang Zongmou "age Jingchu" said: "July 7th, Pennsylvania is ladies wear seven self-expanding floor with gold or silver, or stone needle." "The land records" said: "the Emperor Wu Qi layer city view, July 7th, pinning Doden palace. The needle floor."
The five generation of Wang Renyu "Kaiyuan Tianbao Chronicles" said: "July 7th, the palace to Kam formed building house, the height of one hundred feet, dozens of people can win, Chen to fruit wine processing, with seats, sacrificing female star, concubines in nine needle colored lines to wear, too is skillfully hou. Dynamic Qingshang music, pleasures of people working. Soil is of validity." Tao Zongyi "Yuanshi originally recorded" said: "the nine station, July 7th Qiqiao the. To the evening, ladies stage using colorful silk wear nine tail needle, first as a clever, late finish is called lose perfect, each contributed to give to one person."
Once upon a time, there lived a poor cowherd, Niulang, whose parents had died long before. He had to live together with his elder brother. Unfortunately, his brother and his sister-in -law were very mean and often treated Niulang very badly. They would not give him enough food to eat, and made him work so hard that he hardly had time to sleep. Finally, they kicked him of their home. All he had in the world were the clothes on his back and an old ox.
Niulang built a small thatched cottage on the side of a mountain. He cut and dug and sweat until he had made a vegetable garden out of the rocky soil. He was often tired and hungry, but always found time to take good care of his old ox. One day, the old ox suddenly began to speak to him. It said that it used to be Taurus, the Golden-Ox Star, in the sky and had been banished by the Lord of Heaven to this world as punishment for its violation of heavenly rule by spreading grain seeds to this world. The old ox told Niulang that the goddesses of Heaven would take a bath in a sacred pond not far from his cottage a few days later. Among them was a beautiful, virtuous and industrious girl whose name is Zhinu, the Girl Weaver. Zhinu was a granddaughter of the King of the Heavenly Kingdom. If the Cowherd took the advantage of their bath in the pond to take away her clothes, she would stay and become his wife.
When the day came, Niulang hid in the tall reeds by the pond and waited for the young goddesses. They soon came, just as the ox said they would. They took off their silk robes and jumped into the clear water. Niulang crept out of his hiding place, picked up Zhinu's clothes and ran away. Her companions were so frightened that they jumped out , dressed as quickly as they could and flew away, leaving the Girl Weaver behind. Niulang returned and gave her back her clothes. He had adored her from the first sight he saw her. They looked into each other's eyes. The Girle Weaver told the poor Cowherd that she would be his wife.
After their marriage, the Cowherd ploughed and the Girl Weaver wove and they loved each other. The Girl Weaver became famous far and near for her dexterity in raising silkworms, reeling and weaving exquisite silks and satins. Three years later, Zhinu gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl. They named the boy " Brother Gold" and the girl " Sister Jade". The couple were overjoyed with the additions to their family and believed that they would remain a devoted couple to the end of their lives.
One day, the ox was dying. Before it closed its eyes for the last time, it told the young couple to skin him and keep its hide after its death. It also told them that its hide would enablr a man to fly even to Heaven. After the old ox died, the young couple reluctantly skinned it and stored it with meticulous care.
Meanwhile, the King and Queen of Heaven found out that their granddaughter had gone to the world of Man and taken a husband. They flew into a temper. They ordered a god to bring the Girl Weaver back as soon as possible.
Niulang came back from the field one day to find his two children sitting on the ground and crying. He found the seat at the loom empty. The two children told him that an old lady had just taken their mother away. Niulang remembered what the old ox had told him, he carried his two children in two baskets on a pole and put on the magic hide. Immediately, he got as light as a cloud and flew up into the sky. He had almost caught up with the Queen and his wife when the Queen heard the crying of his children. Looking back, she pulled off a gold clasp from her hair and drew a line behind her. A raging torrent immediately appeared in the sky. This is the so-called River of Heaven. The Cowherd and his children could not get past this wide and swollen river. Heartbroken, he and his children could only look and weep bitterly. Moved by their mournful crying, the King of Heaven decided to allow the separated couple to meet on a bridge of magpies on the seventh night of the seventh Lunar month each year.
The poor couple each became a star, the Cowherd, Altair and the Girl Weaver, Vega. The wide river that kept them apart is known as the Milky Way.
This sad love story has passed from generation to generation. It is well known that very few magpies are seen on the Double-Seventh Day. This is because they all fly to the Milky Way to form a bridge for the meeting of the Cowherd and the Girl Weaver. And the next day the magpies' heads are bald because the Cowherd and the Girl Weaver walked and stood too long on the heads of their loyal feathered friends.
The Double-Seventh Day in China is considered by many the Chinese Valentine's Day.