Mid-Autumn Festival; Moon Festival; Mooncake Festival; Zhongqiu Festival;
In ancient times the "On the eve of Autumn Twilight" practices. On the eve of that worship Goddess. Set large incense table, put the moon cake, watermelons, apples, dates, plums, grapes other offerings, moon cake and watermelon is definitely not small. Also cut into the lotus-shaped watermelon. Under the month, the moon god on the moon that direction, Candle high burning the whole family followed by worship the moon, then the charge of the housewife cut happy moon cake. Pre-cut people who count the number of good family, at home, in the field should count together, can not cut more and no cut less the same size.
On the Mid-Autumn Festival in China is a very ancient custom. According to historical records, as early as the Chou dynasty, the ancient kings had the sun in the vernal equinox, summer solstice Jide, Autumnal Equinox Festival month, the winter solstice Heaven customs. Their place of worship called on the altar to altar, on the altar, the Temple of Heaven. Grouped in the four corners. Beijing, the Ming and Qing emperors on the altar is the place on Festival. "Book of Rites" reads: "Son of Heaven spring Asahi, Qiu Xi months. DPRK and the DPRK, on the eve of the eve." On the eve of the eve of here, that means it is night worship the moon. This custom has not only pursued by the court and the upper nobility, with the development of society has gradually affected the folk
On rumored ancient folk worship ugly no salt, pious worship during childhood on, grow up to superior moral palace, but do not drive. A full moon on August 15, Son of Heaven to see her in the moonlight, feeling that her beauty is outstanding, after she was Queen, Mid-Autumn Festival on the resulting worship. Mid-Chang, to beauty, known for young girls worship it on, willing to "look like the goddess of the moon, face as bright moon."
The custom of scholars to celebrate the moon festival from months, serious joyous ritual became easy. Mooncake activities around the beginning of civil Wei and Jin Dynasties, but immature habits. The Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival, Wan Yue prevailed, read by many poets in the poem Ode to the Moon has. Until the time of Song, has formed a full moon in the activity center for the Mid-Autumn Festival Folk Festival, officially designated as Mid-Autumn Festival. And Chinese different from the Song moon is more a sense of things sad, often Teenage moon and new moon, Yu human events, even if moon night, the moon's clear light also could not conceal the Song of sadness.
But Song, the Mid-Autumn there is another form, that is, the joy of the Mid-Autumn Festival is secular: "Mid-Autumn Festival before, all shops are selling new wine, your family knot Taixie, homes on war accounted for restaurants Wan Yue, carousing heard a thousand miles away, play with sitting to dawn "(" Beautiful Dream to Tokyo "). Song of the Mid-Autumn Festival is a sleepless night, the night market open all night, Wan Yue visitors, Titan is not absolutely.
Ming and Qing Dynasties, the result of the relationship between age, social life, highlighting the reality of utilitarianism, the festival, in the interests of a strong secular sentiment Yu, to "moon" as the center of the lyric and the myth of the literati tradition weakened, utilitarian worship, pray and secular feelings, aspirations of ordinary people form the main form of popular Mid-Autumn Festival. Therefore, the "civil Praying" become eager to join, recreation and well-being; to always focussed on.